Using only the resources we need, and leaving the rest for nature and future generations

Sustainability is using only the resources we need, and leaving the rest for nature and future generations. We must create sustainability now because human activities are harming the Biosphere (sphere of life surrounding our planet) – the home for all plants, animals, and people.

There are dozens of great international sustainability programs. What do they have in common? A reliance on experts. Brilliant people and ideas moving us towards sustainability. But not quickly enough.


A faster way – create a culture of sustainability


Create a culture of sustainability based on human capital – the energy and ideas of people. When that happens, all key sectors – government, business, citizens – will incorporate sustainability in everyday activities.

BEC uses simple Themes and Tools to engage people

The Biosphere Eco-City approach (BEC) approach uses simple Themes and Tools to engage people and build this culture of sustainability.

BEC Themes include all areas of direct action for sustainability. They ensure all issues are discussed and people can connect on areas of common interest, such as: transportation, habitat, sustainable food etc.

BEC Tools make it easy for people to engage in sustainability. They help people learn, do projects, innovate and share ideas. Tools such as the Stakeholder Council or Sustainability Plans are community-based.

BEC is intended for any city

BEC focuses on sustainable cities, to produce the quickest results:

  • Reducing urban impacts on the countryside;
  • Eliminating unhealthy urban environments;
  • Spreading sustainability around the world.

BEC activities can address climate change

All BEC activities are flexible. This makes them good mediums to address climate change. For example:

  • Helping people choose their most effective area of involvement,
  • Creating community agendas for climate action,
  • Adapting projects to evolving conditions.

Further information on Background

Benefits of a Biosphere Eco-City
Potential benefits of BEC are quality of life, urban-rural balance, local conservation and global sustainability The benefits of BEC are both human and environmental. They are: Quality of Life Market in Paris, France. Photo: J. Birtch Life improves for people in urban and rural parts of a Biosphere Eco-City, as negative environmental impacts (generally human-created) […]
Enterprise for Sustainability
Challenges for Sustainability
Sustainability is the Environment with People Sustainability addresses the environment and people together, with a goal of achieving harmony. We care about the environment, and we can respect the Deep Ecologists (read Arne Naess). But we want benefits for people too. Every BEC Theme has a human element. This includes even the Theme of Habitat, […]
Sustainable Cities Through Planning
Definition & Need for Sustainability
WHAT IS SUSTAINABILITY Sustainability means using only the resources we need to fulfil our needs, and leaving the rest for nature and future generations to use. WHY WE NEED SUSTAINABILITY To solve current problems and ensure a good future We need sustainability to solve current problems and to ensure a good future. Humans lived sustainably […]
Origin of BEC Approach – a story
Relation of BEC to Other International Programs
Many international initiatives address sustainability. They also share goals of engaging people and improving quality of Life. For these reasons, BEC can complement many of them. For example: The Mega-Cities Project builds relationships to transform cities. A BEC approach could support Mega-Cities goals for sustainability and well-being. Placemaking and the Future of Cities ( builds […]
BEC and Climate Change
Sustainable Cities Through Human Capital
Human capital can increase sustainability where planning systems are weak, and where they are strong. Human Capital is the energy and ideas of people. It is innovative and the basis of cultural change. With guidance, Human Capital could increase sustainability where planning systems are weak, and also where they are strong. Here are two examples […]
Focus on Cities
Sustainable cities reduce urban impacts, export ideas of sustainability worldwide, and improve quality of life. BEC focuses on cities for three reasons: Reduce environmental footprints of cities – Inflow of resources, outflow of impacts (waste, pollution etc.) from an urban area, including urban expansion, can affect much of the countryside. Reducing negative outflows could reduce […]





Hero photo

Park on hillside and houses

Photo by Polina Chistyakova on Pexels


Picture 1

Children’s Garden

Children’s Garden Ottawa. Photo by J. Birtch


Picture 2

Historic brickworks and red leaves

Don valley Brickworks from Wikipedia Commons


Picture 3 (slider)

Tree-lined park

Photo by Luis Dalvan on Pexels


Picture 3 (slider)

Greek town (slider)

Photo by Alex Azabache from Pexels


Picture 3 (slider)

Solar panels in park

Image by Jude Joshua on Pixabay


Picture 4

Path & rail in park

Photo by Luis Dalvan on Pexels


Sustainable cities through planning

Fountain in front of modern buildings

Image by Viateur Beaulieu from Pixabay


Benefits of BEC

Aerial of park with trees

Photo by Nerea Marti Sesarino on Unsplash 


BEC & Climate change

Green & desert side by side

Photo by enriquelopezgarre on Pixabay


Focus on cities



Carapicuiba, Brazil



Photo by Gonzagas on Pixabay


Definition & Need for sustainability

Woman hiking

Photo by silviarita on Pixabay


Relation of BEC to other international programs

Aerial of large city

Sao Paulo. Photo by J. Birtch


Sustainable cities through human capital

Students in front of Woodroffe High School

Woodroffe High School. Photographer unknown


Three BEC Principles

Hands on log

Photo by Shane Rounce on Unsplash


Challenges for Sustainability

Small plant in coins

Photo by Michelle Henderson on Unsplash


Enterprise for Sustainability

Woman embroidering

Photo by apnear40 on Pixabay